Hope that helps… and if there are more questions.. just keep on asking :), big big big big thank you, if only grammar books were written like this…, many many thanks for your excellent explain, You’re the best teacher that a German learner can come across. Meaning of "Werden" 1.-Werden means "to become" or "to turn into" when it functions as a full verb.. Das Brot ist steinhart geworden The bread turned/became as hard as stone. Although a lot of ‘if’ clauses use the conditional tense, you can also use the present tense to indicate possibility. The versions with “hätte” are wrong. Yes and no… the umlaut is actually crucial. Ich war ein Held gewesen. The wir (we) and Sie (you) forms are also the same as they would be for a regular verb. In English there are four common conditional forms; zero, first, second and third conditionals. Thus spake the sein monster: “I had transformed into my other forms already.”. Although it starts with the ge– prefix common to this form, the –wesen seems to come out of nowhere. As mentioned, participles transform verbs into something greater, be they adjectives, nouns or verb phrases. These situations are always true if something happens. Basic Construction:(If + subject + present simple verb) , (subject + will + verb. These are: (ich (I), du (you), er/sie/es/man (he/she/it/one), wir (we), ihr (you plural), Sie (you formal), sie (they): 2. the right form of würden, depending on which subject pronoun you use. If you’ve ever played video games, you’re probably familiar with “bosses”—enemies you need to fight to move on to the next big section of the game. When a conditional sentence starts with the conditional (if) clause, it is separated from the result clause by a comma. )Or(Subject + would + verb) + (if + subject + simple past verb.). You can not just können conjugate, but all German verbs. Basic Construction(If + subject + past perfect) , (subject + would + have + past participle)
The zero conditional is used to talk about something that is generally true. Examples: If you see Robert, tell him to come to my office. The second conditional is used to talk about the hypothetical consequences of future events which are, at least in the opinion of the speaker, unlikely, improbable, impossible or unrealistic. In the subjunctive II (conditional 2 or in German terms Konjunktiv 2), how do you know when to use werden vs sein/haben? Sigrid, Well… you only use “wäre” if “sein” is involved in some way in the non-conditional version. Good day. Note how this form differs from the indicative present discussed above. Unfortunately, irregular verbs are often the most commonly used words in a language. You Rock :) Vielen Dank. :D. …If any further questions come up on the topic, I’ll be sure to ask. This can be done for EVERY verb. I Your explanation has just helped me… Danke schon! The Second Conditional can only refer to future events (things which have not happened at the time of speaking). Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you The flection is in Active and the use as Main. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn German with real-world videos. As we start building on this verb below, we’ll use conjugation tables to show how to use each form with the German personal pronouns—ich (I), du (you, informal singular), er/sie/es (he/she/it), wir (we), ihr (you, informal plural) and sie/Sie (they/you, formal). und Vielen dank. Please I need clarification on the use of wäre and hätte. The conditional is a compound tense in German. However, it is very common for the conditional clause of a Third Conditional to be added to the result clause of a Second Conditional, to form a "Mixed Conditional". The Präsens, or present tense, is used for sentences set in the here and now: “I am the boss, and I am here!”. You wield your Sprachkenntnisse (language proficiency) like a mighty weapon. But for many verbs both versions are being used. So you basically build the spoken past according to the book and then you exchange the helper with its real conditional form… that is with either hätte or wäre. For a better understanding, countless examples of the verb können are available. Infinitive of Main Verb. But one thing…. The auxiliary verb of werden is sein. Once you’ve watched a video, you can use FluentU’s quizzes to actively practice all the vocabulary in that video. (Be quiet!) If going in this order doesn’t work for you, try approaching things from a more standardized route. Although we touched on the Konjunktiv I earlier—the gossipy subjunctive, if you will—this is the more general-use subjunctive form.