this precipitated a riot among the weavers residing in this neighborhood. Pair-oared shells, West Philadelphia, 11.121/2. The population peaked at more than two million residents in 1950; afterward the city's population declined while that of the neighboring suburban counties grew. Cornerstone laid of new St. Michael's R.C. Fire at southeast corner of Seventh and Cherry Streets, doing great damage to Hasting's gold leaf establishment, Stern's printing office, etc. Result: Philadelphia, 200, second inning, 178, total 378; Gentlemen of England, first inning, 147, second inning 122, total 269. Prize for six-oared barges was by the Iona of the Crescent Club, time, 21m, 34s. December 25. The trust controlled the gas company supplying lighting to the city. Monument statue in memory of John Witherspoon, signer of Declaration of Independence, dedicated in West Park. Philadelphia established a major position in American classical composition and performance in the early nineteenth century, and maintained that position through its premier professional ⇒ Read More, Clockmaking in colonial and early republican Philadelphia and its environs was considered an intellectual profession requiring great artisanal skill and scientific knowledge. Great excitement among brokers and bankers in consequence of the discovery of an over-issue of stock of the Market Street Railway Co., which it was subsequently ascertained amounted to about 11,000 shares. Millwood, N.Y.: KTO Press, 1978. Sixth inter-collegiate boat race for the Childs challenge cup, between the crews of Princeton College, New Jersey, of Cornell University, New York, and of the University of Pennsylvania. Fire at H. O. Wilbur & Son's cocoa and chocolate manufactory on Third Street near New. Iron steamboat Newburgh, intended for passenger service on the North River, launched from the shipyard of Neafie & Levy, Kensington. For more than three centuries they have responded to the changing characteristics of the region’s Catholic population. By 1765, the Delaware Valley was no longer Lenape country, a land without rigid boundaries and fences, but it remained a region integrated economically, socially, and culturally. Attendance, 108,080. These vessels, either converted merchant vessels or purpose-built commerce raiders, were often investments of wealthy or enterprising merchants. September 25. Subsequent generations built a dense transportation network that linked county laborers, suppliers, ⇒ Read More, In the eighteenth century, the Moravian church grew from a small group of Protestant dissenters in Germany to a global church with its most important American center at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, about fifty miles northwest of Philadelphia. May 8. Twenty-two persons killed (some being burned alive) and seven injured. From the eighteenth century through the twenty-first, Philadelphia’s leadership in the field of insurance has enhanced the city’s preeminence in many types of commercial and communal endeavor. An excursion train on the Philadelphia and Atlantic (Narrow gauge) Railroad, came into collision with a freight train near Clementon; five persons killed and several injured. October 12. The five-story brick building at the northwest corner of Front and Walnut Streets, damaged by fire to the extent of $35,000. Beginning in North America and spreading to Europe, India, and the West Indies, the war was a struggle for colonial dominance between France and Great Britain ⇒ Read More, Perhaps no business, industry, or institution illuminates the history of the Greater Philadelphia region from the seventeenth century to the present day more clearly than shipbuilding and shipyards. The Board refused to accept it, but granted Mr. Sheppard six months' leave of absence, and elected Simon Gratz, President, pro tem. Between 1683 and 1800 thousands of Pietists crossed the Atlantic Ocean looking for a place where they could follow their conscience in religious matters. Tremendous hailstorm; hail fell for twenty minutes, some of the hailstones larger than hen eggs; great destruction of windows. Various reform efforts slowly changed city government; in 1950, a new city charter strengthened the position of mayor and weakened the Philadelphia City Council. September 17. Annual regatta of the Schuylkill Navy. A special train on the Bound Brook division of the Reading Railway made the trip between Philadelphia and Jersey City in 85 minutes, Claimed to be the fastest time ever made between these points. In Delaware, while Quaker influence helped to diminish slaveholding, slave owners prevailed politically, preventing adoption of a gradual abolition law similar to acts passed by Pennsylvania in 1780 and New Jersey in 1804. May 9. In the evening a grand display of fireworks was given in Fairmount Park. June 14. Independence National Historical Park was restored and development of Penn's Landing was completed. Today, the bell is extremely fragile and it no longer moves from its location in the heart of Colonial Philadelphia. Second champion swimming-race on Delaware River between Butler and Johnson; 3 miles. At the office of the Pennsylvania Railroad, Fourth Street and Willings Alley, the aerostat struck a flagpole on the top of the building, which tore a hole in the balloon, causing the gas to escape. Fire at Rebman & Ruhland's iron foundry, Twenty-second and Master Sts. People both inside and outside of the city commented that Philadelphia and its citizens were dull and contented with its lack of change. Joseph B. Biddle & Co.'s fire works store, 108-110 South Delaware Avenue. Madge Yorke, 22 years old, an actress in the "Baggage Check" Company, was shot and killed in her room at Zeisse's Hotel, by her lover, James B. Gentry, 30 years old, a member of Willie Collier's Company. Mass meeting of citizens at Academy of Music to advocate the abolishment of the Public Building Commission. The new building of the University of Pennsylvania at Thirty-fourth and Locust Streets, was dedicated. Freedom by Degrees: Emancipation in Pennsylvania and its Aftermath. The natives welcomed European traders, granting permission in 1624 for a short-lived Dutch settlement on Burlington Island and two years later permitting construction of Fort Nassau at Arwamus (later Gloucester, New Jersey) opposite the future site of Philadelphia. November 28. Loss, $125,000. From the Liberty Bell to the Declaration of Independence, Colonial Philadelphia has an important part in the history of the United States. Legally and culturally many colonists created racial lines between whites, who could not be enslaved, and Africans and Indians who could be denied freedom and land. Four years later, much the same group institutionalized edification and self-improvement by establishing the ⇒ Read More, Philadelphia’s literary societies typically have combined the social with the intellectual and artistic, with ongoing shifts in the balance between the two. April 2. Fire at packing-box factory and saw-mill of Tunis Manufacturing Company, Otsego and Moore Sts. West end of Grays' Ferry bridge burned. September 1. Race and Bread streets. Benjamin Rush identified an outbreak in August 1793 as a yellow fever epidemic, the first in 30 years, which lasted four months. Six hundred kegs of powder, found on board a canal-boat on the Delaware, seized. May 11. Steam-tug Argus, with some adjoining shipping, considerably damaged. [107] In 2005, National Geographic Traveler named Philadelphia America's Next Great City, citing its recent revitalization and general compact cityscape. The exhibition was remarkably successful. May 14. July 14. The third floor of 132 South Third Street was discovered to be ablaze, and a firearm found the charred body of Dr. Alfred L. Kennedy, formerly a widely-known physician and scientist, who occupied the apartments. (Library Company of Philadelphia). Primarily drug-related gang warfare plagued the city, and in 1970 crime was rated the city's number one problem in a City Planning Commission survey. The engineer, John Frew, killed. March 25. Luckily, this historic portion of Philadelphia’s Old City neighborhood is very compact. Although both English colonial policy and the organization of the Society of Friends, known as Quakers, were works in progress between the years 1682 and 1701, in ⇒ Read More, The Charter of Privileges, effective October 28, 1701, and sometimes known as the Charter of Liberties, functioned as Pennsylvania’s constitution until the American Revolution. As elsewhere in major US cities, the 1960s was a turbulent decade for the city. The English had drawn boundaries between the three colonies and then divided the provinces into counties and local governments. Fiftieth anniversary of the Franklin Institute celebrated at Musical Fund Hall. November 21. The river united the territory of Lenape people such as the Armewamese and Cohanseys who possessed land on both banks. The transportation of goods and other articles almost ceased for some days, and wagons and carts were drawn through the streets by men. Double sculls, Cresent, 9.101/2. Under the command of Peter Minuit, the company's first expedition sailed from Sweden late in 1637 in two ships, Kalmar Nyckel and Fogel Gri. January 4. August 3. 1017 Market Street.