Fig. (Today's global average is lower than 60°F.). This study is excellent confirmation of what geologists have been saying for years based on the oxygen istotope measurements made by Stuiver and Grootes (1997) on the Greenland GISP ice cores. October 17, 2012 at 7:31 am Congratulations. After more consideration, I think this paper is even more significant that I first realized. Between 600 and 800 million years ago—a period of time geologists call the Neoproterozoic—evidence suggests the Earth underwent an ice age so cold that ice sheets not only capped the polar latitudes, but may have extended all the way to sea level near the equator. I expect validation of what I did. Or corrections? 3/0 = 2/0, therefore 3=2. Another thread on this site is about the dim sun “paradox”. Following the collision that spawned the Moon, the planet was estimated to have been around 2,300 Kelvin (3,680°F). Although temperature reconstructions from proxy data help us understand the character of natural climate variability, attribution of recent climate change relies on a broad range of methodologies in addition to the proxy reconstructions. With volcanoes churning out carbon dioxide and little or no rainfall to weather rocks and consume the greenhouse gas, temperatures climbed. Buy another today. http://www.bbso.njit.edu/Research/EarthShine/ "When Michael came along there was a lot more skepticism about global warming, but the public has come a long way," he said. That there must be dozens of other similar proxies at the margins of arable land and ice covered regions (eg in the Alps or Himalaya.). ericgrimsrud says: It seems from the graph that the warming 1000 years ago, looks just like the modern warm period. We know too that you are capable of repeating the party line, but when drawn into a conversation about the actual science of climate, you are quickly over your head. There are three factors that affect the temperature of the Earth: the intensity of solar radiation, the albedo and the greenhouse effect… Thus we should not let our lack of understanding of past climates diminish our confidence in what we do know about our present climate and that of the last 100 years during which modern science bloomed and has provided an unprecedented abundance of information pertaining to climate. He asks the questions he set out to answer in this paper, and this is interested if for nothing else. Various events that have occurred on Earth (such as volcanoes or the lack of volcanoes just to mention possibility) can affect at least two of these variable. Image adapted from Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Just an observation. Temperatures in the distant past are inferred from proxies (oxygen isotope ratios from fossil foraminifera). CVs are not relevant to consideration of information and logical argument and they provide bias to such consideration. Reflecting ever more sunlight back into space as they expanded, the ice sheets cooled the climate and reinforced their own growth. The time scale shows years before modern time. Over the last two decades, there has been a major breakthrough in our understanding of global temperature change over the last 2,000 years. To the mods. Over the last 1 million years, the earth's climate record has revealed a 100,000-year cycle oscillating between relatively cold and warm conditions, … Even while ice sheets covered more and more of Earth’s surface, tectonic plates continued to drift and collide, so volcanic activity also continued. Calder, “The Chilling Stars” – he describes an Alpine pass that shows Roman and Medieval evidence of a an open route in warm times and closed route in cold times. 80 records span … – – – All you have to do is juxtapose the 280 ppm CO2 flatline with land temperature over the past thousand years. V. Re ; ” kwinterkorn says: ” We present two new multi-proxy reconstructions of the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (30–90° N) mean temperature: a two-millennia long reconstruction reaching back to 1 AD and a 500-yr long reconstruction reaching back to 1500 AD.” if you call 6 to 12 months new. 950–1050 AD reaching 0.6 °C relative to the reference period 1880–1960 AD. Richard’ The most important point of the paper is: It shows that we really don’t understand the origin of the century of (regionally rather extreme) warmth at the change of the millennia. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Conditions were also frequently sweltering between 500 million and 250 million years ago. The snowball Earth hypothesis: testing the limits of global change. October 17, 2012 at 1:56 pm People have short memories indeed! 5. TheAtlantic.com Copyright (c) 2020 by The Atlantic Monthly Group. Large-scale reconstructions covering part or all of the 1st millennium and 2nd millennium have shown that recent temperatures are exceptional: the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Reportof 2007 concluded that "Average Northern Hemisphere temperatures during … Thus we should not let our lack of understanding of past climates diminish our confidence in what we do know about our present climate and that of the last 100 years during which modern science bloomed and has provided an unprecedented abundance of information pertaining to climate. The warming of the globe ended years ago. To dig even deeper, Marcott's team looked at objects collected from more than 70 sites worldwide, primarily fossilized ocean shells that have been unearthed by oceanographers. In the context of climate sensitivity – the real world climatic reaction to increasing greenhouse gasses – and climate model uncertainty, it is an interesting question to ask: if Nature alone in the past can produce temperatures like those we see today, why can’t she do so again? Since that demonstrate clearly that we DON’T know about all the natural factors capable of producing such warming, the logical conclusion is that information like this seriously damages any confidence we can have about what’s happened recently.