A Sumatran rhino in a protected region of Borneo near Lahad Datu, Malaysia, in October 2013. species, and females give birth about every, Small populations mean the Sumatran rhino’s, potential to reproduce is diminished, putting it, sightings are rare and population figures are, often disputed. While surviving in possibly greater numbers than the Javan rhino, Sumatran rhinos are more threatened due to habitat loss and fragmentation. While surviving in possibly greater numbers than the Javan rhino, Sumatran rhinos are more threatened due to habitat loss and fragmentation. The Sumatran rhinoceros, also known as the hairy rhinoceros or Asian two-horned rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), is a rare member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant species of rhinoceros. Rescuing rhinos is important and urgent, but the progress is very slow. Make a symbolic rhino adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. Even though this part of the Leuser Ecosystem is a protected area, there were clear signs of clear-cutting on the periphery of the forest. The second method is to take the egg of a surrogate animal, remove the nucleus, and join it with a Sumatran rhino's somatic cell. Together, we are coordinating search and rescue efforts in Indonesia. This story was published with permission from Mongabay.com. Lead image: Photograph by Joel Sartore, National GeographicEye close-up: Colby Bishop, National GeographicSaving a Species/Latest News: Joel Sartore, National GeographicSaving a Species/The Plan: Alain Compost, National GeographicSaving a Species/Build Capacity: Colby Bishop, National GeographicSaving a Species/Search and Rescue: Joel Sartore, National GeographicSaving a Species/Protect and Breed: Courtesy Barney Long, Global Wildlife Conservation. In response to this situation, the Indonesian government, supported by organizations, experts and practitioners, has issued the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) for Sumatran Rhinos, to be implemented from 2018 to 2021. International partners have also established the Sumatran Rhino Rescue Alliance (SRRA). Washington, DC 20037. The Sumatran rhino lives in dense tropical forest, both lowland and highland, mainly on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. WWF works with the Indonesian government and other organizations to assess how at risk each sub-population is, and to identify immediate protection needs. For example, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in Sumatra is losing forest cover due to conversion for coffee and rice by illegal settlers. There are now only five remaining rhino species worldwide, and all are threatened. There are now only less than 80 Sumatran rhinos left in the wild, and efforts are now being invested in captive breeding in an attempt to boost the population. Camera traps are the primary. September 4, 2019. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. Photo by Scott Citino. Most other threatened species can still be saved if we can manage poaching, habitats and conflict. But of the four populations, Rudi said, only one has recorded natural births every year. This species is a browser and an opportunistic feeder with a very varied diet that may include more than 100 plant species. WWF works to identify the best scientific methods to monitor rhino populations in the wild, analyze data, and train survey teams. Learn more about the Sumatran Rhino Rescue effort and supporting organizations here. The species’ global population is fewer than 80 individuals. Uniquely hairy, they are the last survivor of an ancient genus. Establish two new Sumatran rhino sanctuaries in Indonesia, one in Indonesian Borneo and the other in northern Sumatra, and expand the existing facility in Way Kambas National Park. Just click on the icons to get to the download page. The last male northern white rhino died last year, which is what pushed scientists to try in-vitro fertilization with Fatu and Najin. This mountainous tropical rain forest is home to several small, scattered populations of Sumatran rhinos. The pandemic has hindered the implementation of the plan. The last Sumatran rhino in Malaysia, Iman, died in late 2019. A study by rhino reproduction experts Nan E. Schaffer, Muhammad Agil and Zainal Z. Zainuddin recently published in the Journal of Threatened Taxa, reported that captive female rhinos had an over 70 percent rate of reproductive pathology. When forest is being destroyed, surely that will increase [the risk of] flooding and landslides in the areas where road development is located. Dicerorhinus sumatrensis In-situ population: less than 80 individuals IUCN Red List Classification: Critically Endangered. Growing consumer demand for rhino horn has driven the unsustainable increase in poaching across Africa and Asia. She was 25, and had cancer, which was starting to cause her pain because a tumor was putting pressure on her bladder. “Dicerorhinus”: from the Greek di, meaning “two” and “ceros”, meaning “horn” and “rhinos”, meaning “nose” and “sumatrensis” referring to Sumatra (with the Latin-ensis, meaning locality).