<<2E9CFCD6948434439C6F7CB2A6953DE1>]>> There are four different concepts regarding human cognition and these are: Psychologists will use these concepts to judge an individual's mental state—for example when overhearing someone say 'I don't like what he's wearing today', your immediate thought is 'it must be me they are speaking about!' %PDF-1.4 %���� High levels of serotonin have been associated with anxiety and low levels have been associated with depression. The levels of serotonin will be determined, for the most part, by your genes. Write. =�k�.Eƕb`�Ա���\ Some research (such as that done by Torrey in 2001) shows that the occurrence of certain mental disorders can be related to the exposure the individual had to certain viruses whilst in the womb. 0000096467 00000 n For some mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, if one twin has it then the other one will often have it too—this shows that it could very well be genetic. x�b```���@����X8v00�0������ � ����`�,d��H$�x謷�����%��� ��7������H�+$:� �90�c��c�a�0a�Q q�� � v��;���hP= ����!���}���������AD�չ� 耉��M�]6w�)����"�C�'Nhl�Y$]p�ϖ%��5,�� �lSG�a^�/�����e���ew������q���"�,\���j��v��ft�2/��)�*c�$�.u4��*!膢S��xЌ:ݨcsЍ�ȼ���ݚ+1�jf�8C�W����Gh�A����W\�@0 ` ��mw��̦� @a�ú��@|�� *��nԼ� �6���� �L��wtt�،�H2J�$\��0�#K!K��p�QM&F��� A��6Y��([�qH"���kh8.��#�3X�҉ 0000090902 00000 n Also, it is thought that the environment the individual is in will be partly to blame for their mental disorder. 250 29 Match. 0000001697 00000 n 278 0 obj <>stream List and describe the models of abnormality. The cognitive approach is based on the idea that the way that we perceive, reason and judge the environment and the world that we're in is what determines our behaviour. PLAY. 0000095658 00000 n 2o�I3A�,��д���IvL���D�q-%���q There are a few different factors that were believed to make up an individual's personality and these were: It was believed that conflicts between these different parts of an individual's personality would result in things such as anxiety. Explain the need for a multi-dimensional model of abnormality. 0000002911 00000 n This helped me break it down that I understood It better. 0000002487 00000 n Great hub and a good read. I was reading my text for my class for college but having a hard time understanding after awhile because it all sounded the same. endstream endobj 251 0 obj <> endobj 252 0 obj <> endobj 253 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 254 0 obj [/ICCBased 272 0 R] endobj 255 0 obj [/Indexed 254 0 R 255 273 0 R] endobj 256 0 obj [/Indexed 254 0 R 255 274 0 R] endobj 257 0 obj [/Indexed 254 0 R 255 275 0 R] endobj 258 0 obj [/Indexed 254 0 R 255 276 0 R] endobj 259 0 obj [/Indexed 254 0 R 255 277 0 R] endobj 260 0 obj <> endobj 261 0 obj <>stream If this cognitive thinking is distorted, lacking or dysfunctional then abnormal behavior (or mental disorders) will occur. Some theories emphasize social and economic justice. 0000003581 00000 n Define the uni-dimensional model. All combined but biological approach most. .–í n!˜�²�lù¼—Wèz^£ãÕÕò® ¸Œîó*: ɇ¨ş¢«Íx&—.OìEHäË0á|Ä~c‚³ßثל½]ÇìÛØ^ºo÷ËŸq8²¡mšˆ\x0şbB÷-óĞ‘‹pk„¡è&,¹�“ѫïV©�px\…9êÃ?kŒïáü‰­ñ² ßıáóÊÍ×÷qigö&-¾¾ı°B|ö3»O‹sxà¶Óûúeµê(ÂCßV-%ˆğC¶|Ÿşœ“û7=˜5Ï™Ïì§;–£@~$»~Î>æ¯Y6?ø6;ı¸¾>½\ ŠçÑ1ümÌ@šC`Î�G.EÑï«°Gwxü~û~5ö(C@lØK0 �>¹ÃÏï1R 0000002361 00000 n 0000002265 00000 n All theories are value-laden and come out of a socio-historical context. This could be a single factor such as a chemical imbalance in the brain, relationship with a parent, socioeconomic status (SES), a fearful event encountered during middle childhood, or the way in which t… 0000087132 00000 n This virus may then stay in the child's brain until certain hormones activate it (i.e. Once again genes play a huge role in this theory of how mental disorders come about. I would vote for all of them. Well, take the neurotransmitter serotonin for example. 0000079505 00000 n Freud believed that it was psychological rather than physical things that cause mental disorders such as unresolved conflicts of childhood. The biological approach says that mental disorders illnesses are caused by four things: Abnormal neuroanatomy/chemistry can be characteristics that were passed down from a person's parents. xref If a similar trauma then occurred later in the individual's life then the repressed feelings that they felt originally would be re-experienced and mental disorders such as depression may develop. 2. The psychodynamic approach is essentially based on the view that the abnormal behaviour that an individual is showing is due to underlying psychological conflicts that they may not even be aware of. 0000002217 00000 n • Thus, treatments differ in respect to changing the behavior. 0000000876 00000 n 2.1.1. e�,���:�� @���ߨ�Eǃ[ȕϘ��=U�P�%� 5K�� 0000001832 00000 n Gravity. 0000002169 00000 n 3. for instance by repressing something, and if overused would result in disturbed or abnormal behaviour. Medical Model. 4. 0000042352 00000 n tlyz�rF���_Rb~�(�=�](�5�9]�@ӱ��pݳ�w*�F�ROJ��-*�CmJ� Y*�*%G9�F��U�Vۮ�;'A�{� � ����>�$e�Y��(�2?���#גŸ�i���v_���n�}ݬ!˵B1zȞ��qѮ�uj7�����T�B����&�;7eFSƠ��U�{��Ľ����ج�m=����=f���xkФ⣣��m�"o������c2R Freud also believed that children didn't have the emotional maturity to be able to deal with traumas and thus would repress them if they occurred. How does this cause a mental disorder? 0000083365 00000 n This shows that a person's mental state can rely on their hormone or neurotransmitter levels and thus their biochemistry or neuroanatomy. For a long time, psychologists have studied identical twins to try to investigate this theory that psychopathy or abnormalities are genetic. psychological and social functioning, and social service delivery. WFSBP CONSENSUS PAPER Psychopathology in the 21st century MICHAEL MUSALEK1, VERONICA LARACH-WALTERS2, JEAN-PIERRE L É PINE3, BRUNO MILLET 4, WOLFGANG GAEBEL5 ON BEHALF OF THE WFSBP TASK FORCE ON NOSOLOGY AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY ∗ 1Anton Proksch Institute Vienna, Vienna, Austria, 2Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Andr é s Bello, Escuela de during puberty) and the child will develop schizophrenia or associated symptoms. 0000000016 00000 n 5 Models of Psychopathology. STUDY. Psychopathology derives from two Greek words: ‘psyche’ meaning ‘soul’, and ‘pathos’ meaning ‘suffering’. Learn. 0000002409 00000 n Flashcards. trailer 33 Psyc 311 – Abnormal Psychology Conclusions of all models • All models have some aspects that may influence abnormal behavior. Torrey found that the mothers of individuals with schizophrenia had contracted a specific strain of flu during pregnancy. Basically, the behavioural approach to psychopathy suggests that the response that a person makes to their environment, albeit internal or external, are what determines their mental state rather than their underlying pathology or other such things. From chapter 1. Alternative Models • Proactive Model: E (environment) causes P(psychopathology)Proactive Model: E (environment) causes P(psychopathology) • Reactive Model: P causes E • EX. #vRC�B�P�;� &sHK�>�-��GX@�n`L`:������ó�����ω�~ke�Yy�������p�q%����X�1�`Pa`X����r1�0�0D��j`m�W�4r@�bP��� f% The cognitive approach is based on the idea that the way that we perceive, … The ego defense would then try and deal with these emotions. Autistic child elicits parental abuse • Transactive Model: E and P cause each other • EX. 0000002132 00000 n The mental disorders are treated like your usual illness in that they are cured by removing the root cause of the illness to restore the body back to its normal state. —"Fs7â(�Œ'.܆ìô. Thanks for useful info. 0000096001 00000 n Section Learning Objectives 1. Thanks for this information, Very interesting. This approach is based on the idea that abnormal behaviors are no different from normal ones in terms of how we learn them and are all learned through social learning or classical conditioning. then this might show that your cognitive process is somewhat distorted! 0000059327 00000 n b �0 xw?� The Cognitive Approach. h�웍{�ֱ� /$����6H'M���(ےv�~d��Uw/sYwq��&oW�;ޏv���_�gf�'p �EI�[�R ����;3��….\�p�….\�p�….\�p�….\�p�…�7-�5�Ɲ����5��f�~�t�A��v|���\�s�g�3����I{�b�q.�����rm��{Pڣ[�rv�u��Ƕv���>����VAXw�h��&*E;�o�d�g��8���q������C�. 0000002313 00000 n Define model. kjjobe. 0000001612 00000 n 250 0 obj <> endobj 0 elsebagworo22@gmail.com on March 06, 2020: This is a great article, I think all of these approaches are just as affective. Terms in this set (21) Emphasis: biological/brain development. startxref 0000003352 00000 n Uni-Dimensional In order to effectively treat a mental disorder, we have to understand its cause. Genes determine a lot of functions in our body, they determine hormone and various neurotransmitter levels. Test. %%EOF ğÔÌá‰ËÏçµOϤoÁæı¶�¤g£wI3¬n—w?`—ˆ•‡ÿ i#¸ Psychologists will compare identical twins to see if when one twin shows symptoms of a mental disorder, whether the other one will too. 0000092964 00000 n hޜ��J�0��y��� Autistic child elicits parental abuseEX. Basically, the biological approach to psychopathy is assuming that the mental disorder the person is suffering from is caused by faulty biological mechanisms. Created by. • Some have more reliability and validity than others. Spell. Freud is the most well-known psychologist that believed in this approach. 0000097499 00000 n